PVadapt - Prefabrication, Recyclability and Modularity for cost reductions in Smart BIPV systems

The building integrated photovoltaics sector can benefit from innovations in construction and solar energy alike, even moreso when the two are in sync. In the PVadapt project, combined innovations in modular construction and modular photovoltaics will lead to the creation of an adaptable and multifunctional BIPV system of substantially lower cost than conventional solutions. A flexible and low cost production of photovoltaics in automated processes will be employed to produce PV modules as well as elements with integrated heat pipe based heat recovery. These active energy components will be combined with passive and sustainable components with structural, mechanical, thermal and other functions to produce prefabricated BIPV modules. Prefabrication will be the key to achieving cost reductions, as well as guaranteeing quick installation with low disruption.

The project will also employ a sustainable by design philosophy with all the parts of the system being recyclable/ reusable and waste based raw material supply chains will be established. A Smart Envelope System featuring grid connectivity, load prediction and shifting and intelligent energy management systems with predictive algorithms will be integrated in the PVadapt turn key BIPV system.

The two-component integrated BIPV system will be produced separately and an assembly/joining method will be developed for on-site integration. The Structural & Thermal components features a construction grade steel frame and a Thermal Component based on three main material formulations. The second part of the system consists of a Heat Mat bonded to PV modules. The combination of the two will produce “building blocks” of sufficient customization to allow components suitable for roof and façade installations, as well as new construction. The concept for the BIPV system is shown below:





There are four main pillars comprising the activities of the project:

  • The first pillar is the delivery of a PV/T component active energy component comprised of a sheet of flat heat pipes (Heat Mat-HM) in a PV module.
  • The second is the delivery of a prefabricated structural panel with multiple passive functions (thermal, resilience, stability, waterproofing among others).
  • The third is the delivery of a Smart Envelope System, achieving critical functions such as load prediction and shifting and predictive maintenance.
  • Finally, producing an environmentally and financially viable result.

Project duration: 10/2018 – 3/2022




Fördergeber, Forschungs- und Kooperationspartner


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 818342


 Merit Consulting House (Lead)

      National Technical University of Athens

      Fachhochschule Burgenland Gmbh

      LKS Engineering

      Flint Engineering Ltd.

      Unismart Padova Enterprise SRL

      Emtech GmbH

      Apollon Solar


      Brunel University London

      Tyndall National Institute

      Sintef AS

      Alchemia-nova GmbH

      Architekt Reinberg ZT GmbH

      Cool Haven

      Core Innovation and Technology

      Viviendas Municipales De Bilbao


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