Lake Neusiedl boasts 18000 hectare of reed; this is the largest connected reed growth area in central Europe. This area yields the striking stock potential of 84 000 tons in bio mass on Austrian soil – a potential that has hardly been tapped so far. The ENEREED-project examines possibilities to use old bodies of reed for energy production in the fields of industry, bio mass heat plant and bio mass boilers. (see fig. 2). In order to probe applications testing series take place at existing facilities and on research partners’ premises in Lake Neusiedl’s reed belt.
The existing harvesting technology is scientifically examined in several test runs with different machines working the reed belt. Our research partner TB Dr. Beckmann and the University of Applied Sciences Burgenland are in charge of these test runs that also calculate specific harvest yields by means of GPS-tracking. To optimize the provision chain of various end users, milling tests are carried out with different types of machines; also the transport expenditures incurred to reach the end users are assessed.
The fuel characteristics of reed are tested at the University of Applied Sciences’ pilot plant on the Pinkafeld campus. Reed pellets are made from the harvested raw material; these pellets are then fired in a woodchip/pellet boiler. Measuring gas and small particle emissions allows drawing up the possibilities and limitations for use of reed in small boiler systems.
The research partner Technical University Vienna investigates the use of reed in fluidization of gas in a pilot plant. They also run testing series with various reed/woodchip mixtures in a commercially available 3 MW wood chip boiler used for district heat. Tests for the industrial use of reed are currently carried out at the Mannersdorf cement production plant. A short-term and a long-term test examine the impact on process stability and product quality.
On the basis of these test runs the complete exploitation chain (harvesting technology, fuel logistics, processing and energetic exploitation) is examined and undergoes a comprehensive assessment according to ecological, economical and technological criteria (see figure 3). The application concept based on the comprehensive assessment shall enable and promote the exploitation of this regional energy source.
Funding agencies, research & cooperation partners
Project team and project manager
DI DI(FH) Jürgen KrailEnergy and Environmental ManagementCampus Pinkafeld
Schwerpunkte in Forschung und Lehre:
Energieverfahrenstechnik, Regenerative Energiesysteme mit Schwerpunkt Biomasse, Prozesssimulation, Technische Akustik, Emissionsmesstechnik und akustische Messtechnik